Published: 04/26/2007 - Updated: 09/07/2018
Author: Rosario de Cuenca Esteban
It is possible to relate the colors of the rainbow with the colors of fruits and vegetables.
The white foods are rich in phytochemicals, such as alicine, and potassium.
Its consumption helps us to:
- Reduce cholesterol levels
- Lower blood pressure
- Prevent diabetes type II
Some of them are:
It contains a high amount of water (90-95%) and sugar (6%) lower than that of other fruits, and with the fact that it is fat-free, it is an ideal fruits with lower caloric.
Eaten regularly, it reduces cholesterol levels and blood pressure. In addition, it fights bacterial, viral and fungal infections due to its antibiotic virtues.
It contains significant amounts of fiber and potassium, important for the proper functioning of the cardiovascular system.
Its high satiating impact and low calorie content make it a very useful food in weight loss.
Orange or yellow foods are rich in beta-carotene (pro-vitamin A), vitamin C, potassium and folic acid.
They help to:
- Have a good vision and a healing
- Keep your skin young
- Strengthen your immune system
- Yellow peppers
It is rich in bromeline, an enzyme that facilitates the digestion of proteins; it is recommended in cases of slow digestion and stomach heaviness.
Rich in beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A, vitamin necessary for the proper functioning of the retina and especially the night vision or low light and good for the skin and mucous membranes.
Ideal to take freshly squeezed to avoid loss of vitamin C.
Potassium content makes it a diuretic food recommended in the dietary management of various cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension or fluid retention.
Red foods contain phytochemicals such as lycopene and anthocyanins.
They help to:
- Have better cardiovascular health
- Maintain a good memory
- Reduce the risk of cancer and diseases of the urinary system
- Red Apple
- Red Pepper
It contains lycopene, a potent antioxidant that decreases the risk of chronic diseases, cancer and cardiovascular disease.
Noted for their high fiber content (5%), mainly insoluble fiber. Besides being a laxative and diuretic, useful in treating rheumatism.
It presents high amounts of antioxidants: vitamin C, carotene and selenium. It gives energy.
It is the fruit that contains more water (95% weight), which stimulates the kidneys to function more efficiently, facilitating the elimination of toxins.
Purple foods are rich in antioxidants and phytochemicals. Incorporated into our diet helps us to combat aging, reduce the risk of some cancers, maintain urinary tract health and
preserve the memory.
- Passion Fruit
- Black Grape
- Red Cabbage
It is recommended in cases of constipation, as it has mild laxative effect due to the combination in the composition of soluble fiber, composed mostly of pectin, and insoluble. It can leave at night to take in water and drink this water fasting.
It has diuretic and laxative properties, as well as stimulating the liver and pancreas.
It is the fruit that gives a greater amount of fiber, producing feelings of satiety and promoting transit. Not recommended for diabetics.
A portion of red cabbage covers 100% of the RDA of vitamin C.
Vegetables and fruits
Fruits and vegetables are essential in our food supply. They provide energy and are rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals, in addition to phytonutrients that may provide protection against degenerative diseases, contributing to lower total mortality and increase life expectancy and quality.
Consumption of fruits and vegetables helps to keep a balanced diet, and plays a role in any stage of life.
- Needed in childhood and adolescence
- Basic required in adulthood in older
- Fruits and vegetables help being healthy and preventing disease.
- The colors are important for emotional, feel the pleasure of taste.
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